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Recent Advances in Understanding the Pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis: New Treatment Strategies

Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is considered a chronic systemic, multi-factorial, inflammatory, and progressive autoimmune disease affecting many people worldwide. While patients show very individual courses of disease, with RA focusing on the musculoskeletal system, joints are often severely affected, leading to local inflammation, cartilage destruction, and bone erosion. To prevent …

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Spectrum of Complications of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease on Maintenance Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis: An Experience of Tertiary Nephrology Center in Najaf City-Iraq

Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also called chronic kidney failure, is described as gradual loss of kidney function. CKD can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which is fatal without artificial filtering (dialysis) or kidney transplant. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has a widespread renal replacement therapy with great acceptance because of …

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Superiority of lymphocyte ratio over total leukocyte count in detecting the severity of COVID- 19 pneumonia

Coronaviruses are positive-sense RNA virus, it has a broad range of natural host and they can influence on many systems [1]. In humans, coronavirus can cause many diseases that extend from the common cold to severe respiratory tract infection, such as, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and middle east respiratory …

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ANTICANCER EFFECTS OF COMBINED PHOTOBIOMODULATION, CARBOPLATIN, CASSIA FISTULA SEEDS EXTRACT AND GOLD NANOPARTICLES (AUNPS) ON PROSTATE CANCER CELL LINE (PC3)

ABSTRACT : Although, chemotherapy still the main mode for managing cancer but its usage is limited by resistance and adverse effects which are depend on the dose. Other modes or techniques such as LASER irradiation, anti-cancer plant or nanometals particles can be used to solve this problem. In this study, …

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Pharmacist intervention to enhance postoperative fluid prescribing practice in an Iraqi hospital through implementation of NICE guideline

Abstract Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the current practice of postoperative fluid prescribing and assess the effectiveness of pharmacist-led intervention in the implementation of the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) fluid therapy guideline in an Iraqi hospital. Methods: The prospective interventional study was …

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Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy (EP)or called extra uterine pregnancy, is a growing of fertilized egg outside a woman’s uterus, somewhere else in their belly. In more than 90% of cases, the egg implants in a fallopian tube, this is called a tubal pregnancy It can cause life-threatening bleeding and needs medical care …

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Ischemic heart disease

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the main cause of disability and increased health-care expense worldwide, leading to mortality and morbidity in most countries. Coronary Artety Disease(CAD) is multifactorial disease, its cause may be interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Many studies referred to that 40% to 60% CAD occurrence had …

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